International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Nursing | India | Volume 8 Issue 10, October 2019


A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on the Knowledge of Women (Between the Age Group of 30-75 Years) Regarding Prevention and Management of Osteoporosis in the Selected Community of Sangati, District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, in 2018-19

Keerat


Abstract: Introduction: Osteoporosis is defined as a systemic skeletal disorder characterized by a compromised bone strength predisposing to an increased risk of fracture. The risk of developing osteoporosis depends on how much bone mass is achieved in the ages 25-35, and how much is lost later. Both men and women are susceptible to osteoporosis as they age but women have significantly higher risk for manifestations and complications of osteoporosis because their peak bone mass is 10 % to 15 % less than that of man. Estrogen is a hormone that helps regulate a woman’s reproductive cycle. At the same time, it plays a role in keeping bones strong and healthy, in both men and women. While premenopausal women have more estrogen than men, they will experience dramatic drops in estrogen production due to menopause, and are more likely to experience bone loss and osteoporosis at that time. Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess and compare the knowledge of women regarding prevention and management of Osteoporosis in the pre-test and post-test and also to assess the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on the knowledge. Methodology: A Pre-Experimental study was conducted in May, 2019 evaluate the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on knowledge of women (between the age group of 30-75 years) regarding prevention and management of Osteoporosis living in the selected community of Sangati, District Shimla, Himachal Pradesh by Keerat for the partial fulfillment of the degree in Masters in the Science of Nursing from Himachal Pradesh University, during the year 2017-2019. The conceptual framework adopted for the study was based on Imogene King theory of goal attainment. The total sample selected was 60 women. The data was collected using Structured Interview Schedule comprised on 28 questions related to prevention and management of Osteoporosis. The data obtained was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics in terms of frequency, percentage and distribution, mean, median, standard deviation, t value and chi square. Results: The study results revealed that the in the pre-test the mean knowledge score (7.35±3.861) of women was less than the post-test mean knowledge score (23.05±3.422). The calculated t value was 32.142 which was more than the table value at p0.05. Conclusion: Based on the findings the study concluded that the Structured Teaching Programme was effective in improving knowledge of the women regarding prevention and management of Osteoporosis.


Keywords: Structured Teaching Programme, Osteoporosis and Estrogen


Edition: Volume 8 Issue 10, October 2019,


Pages: 1215 - 1218


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