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Case Studies | Statistics | Kenya | Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019
Constraints of Effective Uptake of Antiretroviral Drugs in Informal Settlements in Kenya: Case of Kangemi Slum in Nairobi
Abstract: Discovery of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) came as part of the effort to deal with HIV AIDs epidemic. ART reduces the viral load in HIV positive individuals hence minimizing the chances of spreading the virus as well as reducing the chances of contracting illnesses and AIDS-related diseases in HIV positive individuals. The problem, however, has been the low uptake of ARVs especially in developing countries. This study investigates the constraints to effective uptake of ARVs in Kenya using Kangemi, an informal settlement located in Nairobi County as a case study. Primary data was collected and analyzed quantitatively. Stigma was found to be the major constraint to the uptake of ARVs by HIV positive individuals. Education level was another but minor constraint. More awareness, especially by government agencies, is needed for people to understand the need to be tested and the benefits of taking ARVs.
Keywords: DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid, RNA Ribonucleic Acid, T-cell, Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV, anti-retroviral therapy ART
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019,
Pages: 597 - 614