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Research Paper | Environmental Science Studies | Indonesia | Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019
Local Wisdom Practices in Rice Paddy Farming and Its Impact on Regional Food Security in Pulau Sapi Village, Malinau, North Kalimantan
Abstract: The potential of wetland rice in Malinau District is important to manage so that the results are optimal. Increasing rice production and productivity in addition to extensification can also be done with intensification programs. The production of lowland rice is inseparable from various factors such as farming technology, the availability of superior seeds, the carrying capacity of irrigation facilities and what is equally important is the way to cultivate the community. A good combination between modern agricultural technology and the noble values of locality must be formulated appropriately so that agricultural progress and natural sustainability can be realized in a balanced and sustainable manner. This research was conducted with qualitative methods so that researchers were able to fully and comprehensively describe the phenomenon under study. So that in the end it can produce meaningful and useful findings for the development of rice paddy agriculture and food security in the Malinau District area. This research focused on the practice of local wisdom in cultivating lowland rice in Malinau District, the impact of the practice of local wisdom in cultivating wetland rice to increase rice production to support regional food security. The research has the following conclusions, namely: 1) Local wisdom practices in farming paddy fields in the village of Sapi Pulau Mentarang Sub-district Malinau Regency is still preserved through the planting season and the use of infrastructure, starting from the process of land preparation, preparation and seed planting, to harvest.2) The impact of the practice of local wisdom in cultivating wetland rice to increase the production and productivity of rice plants to support regional food security seen from the level of availability of rice grain, and farmers' perceptions of the level of agricultural production. If the potential of local wisdom to cultivate wetland rice can be developed well then it can be one way to sustain and increase rice production and productivity in Malinau on an ongoing basis.
Keywords: Local wisdom, production
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 5, May 2019,
Pages: 970 - 973