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Research Paper | Food Science | Albania | Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019
An Overview of the Objectives and their Characteristics in Groups of 16-19 Years in the Middle Schools of Tirana
Abstract: Introduction: Obesity has become one of the biggest problems with public health, being considered the 21st century disease. Healthy nutrition and obesity prevention is one of the top priorities in many countries around the world, especially developed ones. This study aims to explore the causes and consequences associated with obesity. The results of such a study enable recognition with the recognition of the causes of obesity and its characteristics in our country, which would also help in taking concrete measures to prevent its addition. The purpose of the study: The purpose of the thesis consists in gathering information about teenage knowledge about obesity, their way of feeding, and receiving information about nutrition. At the same time, as a supplement to the picture, in this research aims at studying the causes that contribute to the development of obesity as well as the main consequences in the life of an obese individual, lifestyle, psychosocial consequences, throughout life's functioning. This is so that by studying and understanding these consequences in depth, it may be helpful to treat and prevent them. Material and Method: This study is descriptive-analytical and aims to study the causes of obesity and gender-based distribution in adolescents of 16-19 years of age. To achieve the purpose of this study, a standardized and validated WHO questionnaire was considered. The study included a total of 73 students in 3 gymnasiums in Tirana, namely Sami Frash?ri, Elez Isuf Ndreu and Ibrahim Rugova Kam?z, a school in urban area and two in peripheral areas of Tirana. Information on demographic data such as age, gender, as well as data related to nutrition physical activity, data were also obtained about the information that the pupils had about feeding and where they received nutrition information. Data retrieval was initially created by creating a database in Excel and then analyzing and extracting certain results. Data tables and graphics were used to visualize the data. Outcomes: Of the 73 individuals included in the study, 33 or 45% were males and 40 or 55% were females. From their interview, it was concluded that the reasons that negatively affect the achievement of a good body shape were stress and lack of energy. Regarding the question of physical activity exercised by high school students, each day, it was concluded that most of them exercised physical activity 60 minutes a day, which is a good defense factor against obesity development. Regarding the knowledge they had about the health problems caused by obesity came to the conclusion that according to them the most common health problems related to obesity are depression and diabetes. Regarding the question of how much time you spend on the night at the computer being that Long standing in front of the computer and TV is one of the main reasons for obesity development, it was concluded that most of them were in front of the computer for 1 to 2 hours a night. Conclusions: The ever-increasing school should play an important role in obesity through implementing specific policies and promoting healthy eating habits and physical activity, conscious choices for healthy behaviors among young people. School is the ideal place to promote health and healthy growth of children, not only through nutrition and physical activity programs but also through initiatives to promote a healthy lifestyle for the families of these students.
Keywords: obesity, lifestyle, nutrition, physical activity, age group
Edition: Volume 8 Issue 2, February 2019,
Pages: 1261 - 1266