International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Informative Article | Economics | India | Volume 7 Issue 11, November 2018

Problem of Population Increase in India

Sudarsana Sarkar

Abstract: Population growth is the main problem of recent India, creating continuously difficulties, inconveniences for human life and hindrances the countrys growth & development. Indias current population according to 2011 census is 121 crore and India occupies the second position among the world after the China. Continuous rapidly growing population in India increases demand for food, necessity of shelter & houses, land and other essential commodities & things which are necessary for maintaining daily routine of human life. Population in India is increasing day by day but production of necessary associate goods & things for living human life are not rising at the same rate. These create the main problem for the country and continuously growing population gradually becomes a cause of fearful life & uncertainty for living a standard better life of future generation. Population growth also creates price inflation i. e. rising prices of essential goods, unemployment problem and poverty among the people. . So in modern days, government of India has been adopted various social and economic measures and also organizes many social awareness programmes in various remote village areas, cities, towns like Family planning programme, Research, establishment of family planning centres etc. Various incentives & disincentives are given to those who accept family planning system like provision of clinical facilities and other services to its acceptors. The National Population Policy was announced firstly on April 16, 1976. After that National Population Policy of 2000 was also adopted by the government. At last, we can say that despite all the measures taken by the government for controlling the population growth of India, population explosion goes beyond reach of capacity of control which is a future indication of approaching great problem for the country. To achieve stable population in India, more initiative measures are necessary to be taken where every peoples cooperation & participation are needed.

Keywords: Population growth, Family Planning, National Population Policy, Economic Development, High Birth rate, low death rate, demographic transition etc

Edition: Volume 7 Issue 11, November 2018,

Pages: 1296 - 1300

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