International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

Downloads: 134 | Views: 207

Research Paper | Medical Surgical | India | Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018

Role of Arthroscopic Synovial Biopsy in Diagnosis and Management of Unilateral Synovitis Knee

Dr. Rajat Kapoor [2] | Dr. C. P. Pal | Dr. Yajuvendra Kumar Sharma | Dr. Vikas Mishra

Abstract: Background Monoarticular synovitis is relatively difficult to diagnose and delay in diagnosis leads to poor outcomes. Long-term occurrence of synovitis can result in degeneration of the joint due to the release of inflammatory cytokines which resulted in increased synthesis of matrix metalloproteinases and decreased expression levels of inhibitors. Tubercular synovitis and early arthritis are difficult to diagnose due to the atypical clinical presentation and lack of specificity in diagnosis. Materials and Methods A prospective study was conducted on 55 patients and arthroscopic synovial biopsy was obtained and biopsy reports were evaluated. The paired t-test was used to compare serial changes in pain intensity using numeric pain rating scale. Results Out of 55, 27 (49.09 %) cases were diagnosed as inflammatory synovitis, 11 (20 %) cases as tubercular synovitis, 3 (5.45 %) cases of osteoarthritis, and 14 (25.45 %) cases of non-specific chronic synovitis. The mean age of patients was 43.21 years, As a diagnostic aid, the role of synovial biopsy was found to be significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion Monoarticular arthritis should be thoroughly investigated rule out infectious or metabolic diseases for their destructive potential to destroy cartilage rapidly. Arthroscopic-assisted synovial biopsy has added advantage as it permits macroscopic evaluation of the synovium, and cartilage inadequacy could also be noted along with serving as therapeutic purposes in some cases.

Keywords: Monoarticular, synovitis, synovial biopsy, numeric pain rating scale

Edition: Volume 7 Issue 10, October 2018,

Pages: 458 - 462

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