International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review Papers | Nursing | India | Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018 | Rating: 6.9 / 10

Effect of Prenatal Malnutrition on Fetus and Newborn Baby: A Comprehensive Review

S Jyoti [3] | Kaur Varinder [2] | Kaur Jasbir [2]

Abstract: Maternal nutrition plays a crucial role in influencing fetal growth and birth outcomes. Early finding of health risk associated with Malnutrition and Micronutrient deficiency during pregnancy provides the best possible result. Maternal malnutrition increases the risk of gestational anemia, hypertension, miscarriages and fetal deaths during pregnancy, pre-term delivery and maternal mortality. In newborn, it can cause low birth weight, fetal intrauterine growth retardation that may have long life consequences on development, quality of life and health care costs. Malnutrition also has an adverse effect on the development of the immune system of the newborn. There was identifying the relationship between maternal malnutrition and fetal development outcomes. Prenatal Malnutrition should be treated during pregnancy by healthy diet or supplements. Nutritional counseling needs to be an integral part of antenatal care in order to reduce the risk of maternal-fetal and newborn complications.

Keywords: Prenatal Malnutrition, Micronutrient deficiency, Low Birth Weight, Preconception, Premature Birth

Edition: Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018,

Pages: 150 - 156

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