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Review Papers | Dental Science | Portugal | Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018
Oral Microbiome Associated with Peri-Implant Infections - A Review
Molina F. | Lopes Cardoso I. | Moura Teles A. | Pina C.
Abstract: Dental treatments using dental implants have been well documented over the past 40 years and with great success. The dental implant installed in the place of missing teeth should always involve proper forecasting by the dentist. Namely, it is important to know the microbiome surrounding the implant, from its planning till final rehabilitation. The exact time of microbiome formation, as well as microorganisms involved, are essential for the proper implementation and success of the implant. However, internal contamination of the rehabilitated implants, the extracellular components of microorganisms, such as endotoxins, have a huge influence on implant success. In addition, it is also very important the knowledge concerning implants surfaces and associated microorganisms. This study conducted a literature review on the oral microbiome and its relationship with the peri-implant infection, with the discussion of several classical and current studies. Although it can be concluded that the peri-implant microbiome is characterized by the microbiome present before dental implant placing, more studies are required to better elucidate the planning and the longevity of dental implant treatment.
Keywords: dental implant, peri-implant microbiome, oral microbiome, periodontal disease
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 6, June 2018,
Pages: 453 - 462