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Research Paper | Medicine Science | India | Volume 7 Issue 2, February 2018
Comparison of Midazolam and Triclofos Sodium as Oral Premedication in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery
Dr. Raksha Vyas | Dr. Bhavna Sojitra | Dr. Pragna Vachhrajani 
Abstract: Aims and objectives The perioperative behavioural studies demonstrate that children are at greater risk of experiencing turbulent anaesthetic induction and adverse behavioural sequelae. We aimed to compare the efficacy of midazolam 0.5 mg/kg with triclofos sodium 100 mg/kg as oral premedication in children undergoing elective surgery. Materials and Methods In this prospective study, sixty children posted for elective lower abdominal surgery were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into midazolam group (Group M) and triclofos sodium group (Group T) of thirty each. Group M received oral midazolam 0.5 mg/kg 30 min before induction, and Group T received oral triclofos sodium 100 mg/kg 60 min before induction. All children were evaluated for level of sedation after premedication, behaviour at the time of separation from parents and at the time of mask placement for induction of anaesthesia. MannWhitney U test was used for comparing the grade of sedation, ease of separation and acceptance of face mask. Expected results Oral midazolam produced adequate sedation in children after premedication in comparison to oral triclofos (P = 0.002). Both drugs produced successful separation from parents, and the children were very cooperative during induction. No adverse effects attributable to the premedicants were seen. Conclusions Oral midazolam is superior to triclofos sodium as a sedative anxiolytic in paediatric population.
Keywords: Anaesthesia Hypnotics and sedatives Midazolam Premedication Triclofos sodium
Edition: Volume 7 Issue 2, February 2018,
Pages: 1237 - 1241