International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


Downloads: 139 | Views: 192

Research Paper | Medical Microbiology | Nigeria | Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2017


Seroprevalence of High-Risk Human Papilloma virus type 18 (Hr-HPV-18) Infections among Women with HIV-1 Infection on Long Term Suppressive Anti-Retroviral Therapy in a Tertiary Hospital in Jos, Nigeria

Joseph A. Anejo-Okopi | Danladi M. Dashuwa | David S. Adeniyi | Otobo I. Ujah


Abstract: We aimed to determine the sero-prevalence of Hr-HPV-18 among cohort of women with HIV-1 infection on follow up at a Tertiary Hospital, Jos, Nigeria. A cross sectional hospital-based study involving 100 women with confirmed HIV-1infection from a HIV treatment cohort. The blood samples of 91 participants were analyzed using ELISA kit. The mean age of the participants was 37.28.7years. Of the 91 tested samples, 13.2 % were positive to anti-HPV antibodies. The prevalence of anti-HPV 18 antibodies was highest (15.6 %) among women aged 31-44 years and women who were married (16.7 %). Majority of the women were self-employed 49.4 %. Antibodies detected were highest among women with non-formal education (33.3 %). There was statistically significant antibody detection among women who had had at least 3 deliveries. Majority of infection was among those with low CD4. A test of association of all other factors showed no significant association except parity, P=0.044. The proportion of Anti-HPV-18 IgG was low compared with most recent studies. There is the need for larger studies with emphasis on cervical cancer screening programs as well as the introduction of a subsidized vaccine in national immunization scheme which are strategies that can curb the increasing burden of cervical cancer in Nigeria.


Keywords: HPV, High-Risk, Seroprevalence, Women, HIV, Cervical Cancer


Edition: Volume 6 Issue 10, October 2017,


Pages: 672 - 676


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