International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Research Paper | Education Management | Afghanistan | Volume 9 Issue 2, February 2020


The Earliest Centers of Pashtu Literature

Mohammad Israr Shinwari


Abstract: Pashtu is one of the Asian ancient languages such as Old Persian, Avesta and Sanskrit. Pashtu language seems to be a separate language between Iranian and Hindi Languages and have relation with Avesta and Sanskrit languages. We dont have any text or evidence of Pashtu language before Islam. However, after Islam only a few poems were found in Ghor, Mountain of Kasay, and Multan, where Pashtun tribes were ruling. Pashtu literature which is found in those three centers (Ghowr, mountain of Kasay, and Multan) is very simple and didnt include any complex themes. Most of the poems themes were about honor, pride on military activities, love with family and nation.


Keywords: Ghowr, The Mountain of Kasi, Multan, Amir Karor, Hamid Lodi, Shaikh Bitni


Edition: Volume 9 Issue 2, February 2020,


Pages: 26 - 30


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