International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
Call for Papers | Fully Refereed | Open Access | Double Blind Peer Reviewed

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Analysis Study Research Paper | Medical Microbiology | India | Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024

Urinary Tract Infections: Epidemiology, Sex Incidence & Correlation with Pyuria at a Tertiary Care Laboratory in New Delhi

Dr. Jayant Balani | Dr. Asha Bhatnagar | Puja Sharma

Abstract: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most causes of morbidity and co morbidities in patients with underlying conditions, and it accounts for the majority of the reasons for hospital visit globally. This study was designed to figure out the prevalence of UTI, Sex incidence& correlation with Pyuria by isolating and characterizing the varied bacterial etiological agents. During this study, an entire of 1995, clean catch midstream urine (MSU) samples were collected aseptically and analyzed using standard microbiology methods. Antibiotic sensitivity was done on PHOENIX (BD) (MIC TECHNIQUE) AND URINE R/M ON BIORAD SYSTEM. The study revealed 558 /1995 (27.9%) UTI prevalence among patients attending laboratory in Green Park, New Delhi. Escherichia coli was the foremost prevalent bacterial uropathogen with 303/1995 (15.18%) followed by Klebsiella Pneumoniae 114/1995 (5.71%), E Faecalis 36/1995 (1.80%), Pseudomonas 33/1995 (1.65%), Others 72/1995 (3.60%). This study has demonstrated that age > 65 is more prevalent to bacterial infection with 216 / 1995 (10.82%). Screening for UTI in Laboratory patients, female patients with 372 / 1995 (18.64%) ratio is more prevalent than males 156 / 1995 (7.81%). Conclusion: Escherichia coli is that the foremost prevalent uropathogen followed by K.pneumoniae, E. faecalis & Pseudomonas. The susceptibility of infection increases with age-10.82% in age > 65 years (Elderly); 8.27 % in middle age (45-64); 6.16 in young age(15-45 yrs) & 1.05 you tired of Children. 4.9% Urinary tract infection was highest in females with 1404 / 1995 (70.4%) as compared to 591 / 1995 (29.6%) in men. 2.1% samples showed significant growth with low pus cells (associated with loop overheating or obstruction in urinary tract); 1.5 % samples showed no growth with high pus cells (Sterile Pyuria); 2.1% samples with Mix growth with low pus cells (Scenario 1); 1.5% samples showed mix growth with high pus cells (Scenario 2) 0.6 % samples in Scenario 1 showed growth in replating while 1.05 you tired of Scenario 2. Urinary tract infections are more prevalent among Elderly population and Females. Incidence of sterile pyuria is 1.5%; Auric bacteriuria is 2.1%, while samples with mix growth account for 3.6 % of samples out of which 1.7 % yield significant growth on Replating. INT

Keywords: Urinary Tract Infection, Sterile Pyuria, Escherichia Coli, Antibiotic Sensitivity, Prevalence

Edition: Volume 13 Issue 2, February 2024,

Pages: 731 - 735

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