Pratheeba Sathianathan, Alice Sony, Anuja Abraham
Abstract: Background: Cardiac arrest in pregnancy is an uncommon but the most challenging clinical scenarios. Nurses are often the first responders in cardiopulmonary arrest of pregnant women in hospital. Hence appropriate training and preparation of nurse is much needed. Objective: The study was intended to determine the effectiveness of simulation based teaching on the knowledge and skill of nurses regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation of pregnant women. Methodology: A pre-experimental study design was undertaken for a period of 6 weeks in a tertiary care center. Fifty subjects were selected using simple random sampling technique. The data collection tools were demographic profile of the nursing personnel, self-administered questionnaire and observational checklist which were prepared by the researcher and validated by experts. A pretest was conducted to assess the knowledge and skill of the subjects regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation of pregnant women using self-administered questionnaire and observational checklist respectively. Subsequently, the researcher provided simulation based teaching. Thereafter a posttest was conducted in a similar manner to pretest. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the findings of the study. Results: This study revealed that the mean age of the nursing personnel was 30.6 ± 6.8 years. The majority of them had General Nursing and Midwifery (84 %) as their educational qualification. The mean years of experience were 6.1 ± 4.9 years. There was a statistically significant (p<0.001) increase in knowledge and skill regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of pregnant women among nursing personnel after simulation based teaching. Conclusion: This study identified that simulation based teaching was effective. The investigator strongly recommends to use the simulation based teaching to train the nurses on CPR of pregnant women. CPR of pregnant women should be incorporated in the routine CPR training program.
Keywords: Cardiopulmonary arrest, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR, pregnant women, simulation based teaching