Dr. Ibrahim Mohammed Eltom
Abstract: Gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal) is a multi-benefit tree. Socio-economic and environmental settings are the most to be provided by this species in all over the rural areas of western Sudan. The spatial extent of this valuable product is through the Savanna gum belt from the West to East Africa cross Sudan includes the main producer zone in North Kordofan State. This study has been carried out with the aim of analyzing the Hashab product that experienced remarkable fluctuating during the last three decades. Quantified data concern the Gum Arabic in North Kordofan (Sudan’s main producer) had been used for the period 1964-2009. Statistical programs such as SPSS and excel has been used for the analysis. The main parameters analyzed are means, product values deviated from the mean, correlations, histogram, charts, and 10 years’ periodical analysis. The results showed the significant fluctuations in the Hashab gum product that were depicted during the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s with remarkable decreasing during drought years. The reasons behind decrement are many, range from a high rate of deforestation, forestry mismanagement, and less attention to the Hashab afforestation programs.
Keywords: Gum, Arabic, Sudan, Kordofan, Hashab, Gum Product, Deforestation, Afforestation