Abstract: Aim and objective: Child birth is a very complex process. Complications can rise within a fraction of a second during the birth process. Abnormal deliveries occur in 13 % of the hospital admitted cases as per the WHO report published in 2015. Here we present a retrospective analysis of the occurrence of abnormal deliveries conducted in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and methods: A retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the occurrence of abnormal deliveries conducted in a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1284 deliveries were conducted in this selected tertiary-care hospital between January 2018 to December 2018. Data analysis was done from birth register were the major events were documented and analysed. Results: Out of 1284 patients, 664 (51.7 %) patients delivered abnormally whereas 620 (48.3 %) underwent the process of normal labour. It was also observed that majority of the abnormal deliveries were LSCS i.e. 468 (70.4 %) Majority of the women who had abnormal labour was found to be hypothyroidism on treatment i.e. 86 (25.67 %). Out of 664 patients who delivered abnormally it was seen that 214 (32.2 %) were Post LSCS whereas only 3 (0.45 %) were detected Cephalo Pelvic Disproportion. Conclusion: Abnormal deliveries are prevalent due to increasing medical conditions complicating pregnancies. Constant supervision and care during antenatal period can decrease the maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity drastically.
Keywords: Retrospective study, occurrence, abnormal deliveries