Manal Th. Soliman, Nagwa I. Abbas
Abstract: Obesity is an established independent risk factor for developing hypertension and hyperglycemia. There is no Saudi Arabia consensus on the relationship between obesity with high blood pressure (BP) and incident diabetes mellitus (DM). Aim: the aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of body mass index and blood glucose test on the relationship between blood pressure and incident diabetes mellitus. Methods: The current study included 79 participants (mean age of 30-≤50 years). The data collected from Almakan mall hafr Elbatin City, KSA. Two tools were used in the current study (1) A structured interview for the client and (2) Questionnaire about Health profile. Result: There is a nonsignificant increase (43.8 %) of hypertensive group they had hyperglycemia, and (47.6 %, 40.9 %) of hypertensive group they have overweight and obesity respectively with p-value (0.04*). Conclusion: The present study shows that a high correlation between BMI is an independent risk factor with hypertension, and hyperglycemia as well as a positive correlation between smoking and physical in activity in relation to obesity, hypertension, and hyperglycemia.
Keywords: body mass index, diabetes mellitus, hypertension