Arzu ERCETIN, Rana KUTLU, Gamze AKBAS
Abstract: Introduction: Istanbul is a life that witnessed and even hosted many events in its history. While this life was being built, many sultans, users and designers tried to shape this seven-hilled castle according to itself. It?s all historical elements have been affected by each intervention, such as repairs, renovations, demolition, destruction or re-functioning. These changes have not only emerged as a result of today's conditions, but as a result of the process in which population growth has started to manifest itself. With the return of needs and technological development, the changing processes in the structures have also been shaped, especially the concept of shopping, commerce has gained new meanings and presentation techniques.Metarial and Methods: Grand Bazaar is one of the structures that have been most affected by this change and development process and as a result of this affect has been changed much in terms of spatial and environmental aspects. In the Ottoman city, the bazaar or, in a more general sense, the commercial center of the city consisted of bedesten, han and arasta buildings. Depending on the size of the bazaar, there were also a number of mosques and bath buildings in the bazaar. Life was shaped around these structures and life was colored and continued with the activities that took place in these structures. Even though the concept of shopping has changed, today it is a complex that attracts the curiosity of people from different nationalities and cannot be given up by habitual users. Results:The aim of this study is to reveal how it is shaped that Sandal Bedesten, which has been in the seventh place in the fifty historical places to be seen in the world, has been in existence since the Byzantine period and has always met the needs of its users by adding the functional equivalent of the 'new' word in each period, and a part of it 'Grand Bazaar' in terms of spatial aspect in the historical process with internal and external factors.Conclusions: Today, all public and general areas in the region, from public transportation to housing reconstruction, are shaped according to bazaar. The building that survived with all the fires, earthquakes and similar disasters (1512, 1565, 1618, 1622, 1645, 1652, 1658, 1750, 1766, fires and earthquakes are the most damaging events to the bazaar) is still pupillar of the world but is under serious threat. Being aware of transferring this rare work to the next generation, it is very important to carry out the renovation and re-functionalization works of the building.
Keywords: Space Design, Historical Environment, Historical Process, Design Approaches