Prexides N. Barasa, Samuel A. Nyanchoga, Melvine C. Lilechi
Abstract: This article examined the social significance of circumcision in modern Bukusu society. Functionalist theory, gender identity and social learning theory informed and guided the study. The article used a qualitative research design with a case study strategy being Bungoma County. It employed in-depth one-on-one interviews that were complimented by document analysis and observation as methods of collecting data. It also used non-probability method of sample selection, specifically purposive sampling and snow ball techniques. The sample included six newly initiates who had undergone the traditional male circumcision and residing in Bungoma county, five family members and seven community members. It also sampled nine key informants which involved, five circumcisers, two committee leaders and two chiefs. Data was analyzed qualitatively through content thematic data which used interpretative approaches and textual presentation. The findings showed there have changes to traditional Bukusu circumcision brought about by way people live nowadays. Such changes have been influenced by poverty, education, church, modern science and urbanization. The study recommended further studies covering other factors influencing the traditional circumcision of the Bukusu community.
Keywords: Social, Significance, Male, Traditional, Circumcision, Bukusu, Community