V. Kavitha, V. Saradha Ramadas
Abstract: The present study is focused to find out the prevalence of diabetics and associated risk factors among the selected type 2 diabetics. Two of the private and government hospitals having diabetology department at Thiruchirappalli district were selected by purposive method. A total of 1000 diabetic adults comprising 486 males and 335 females in the age group of 20 to 60 years and above who visited the hospitals were selected. The study revealed that 75 % of each male and female belonged to the age group of 40-60 years, in which 83 % and 81 % of male and female had type 2 diabetes respectively. The age of onset of diabetes was between 45- 55 years among 53.7 % male and 54.3 % female. Only 23.3 % of male and 4.3 % of females type 2 diabetics had the habit of walking as exercise for a period of 30 minutes per day and 78.6 % and 68.4 % of male and female type 2 diabetics had disturbed sleep of 5-6 hours. The mean body mass index of male and female type 2 diabetics was 26.73 kg/m2 and 26.01Kg/m2, categorized under grade I obesity. The mean waist circumference of selected type 2 diabetic male and female subjects was 95.96cm and 93.73cm respectively which were found to be higher than the standard value. The mean waist hip ratio of type 2 diabetic adult women subjects was found to be higher than standard value (>0.8). A strong familial history of diabetes in both parents was observed. Regular medication was noted among 66.9 % of male and 61.5 % of female subjects. Majority of the diabetic subjects used allopathic drugs like metformin and glimzibide to control diabetes. Blood glucose level was monitored by 41.5 % and 54.6 % of male and female diabetics respectively only when complications arise. Hence the present study clearly indicates that prompt treatment of the subjects through their life style modification is in timely need.
Keywords: Prevalence, type 2 diabetics, obesity, physical activity, anthropometric parameter