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International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Comparative Research Studies: Tourist Use and Economic Valorization in the Natural Parks

Salerno Rossana M.

Abstract: This observation and research is bilateral, in fact, takes place in two different states Italy and France in different periods of the year 2016/2017. The purpose is to compare the use and enjoyment of the natural tourist or amateur places defined as parks or nature reserves. The first observation is developed in France precisely at the University of Lille2. The second field observation is carried out in Italy, specifically in Enna at the University of Kore studies. Although the increasing human presence in natural sites is not a completely new phenomenon, the study of these territories from a dichotomous economy and consumer oriented approach remains scarce even more in a cross-cultural comparison. French nature parks have a relatively vast literature, studying preservation questions, the characteristics of outdoor activities or the lived experiences on natural sites, for instance. Also, research on tourism is rather extensive, which is not surprising, since tourism is the countrys leading economic sector. On the other hand, hardly any studies can be found on the development methods of Sicilian region (protected) natural territories with the exception of conservation related subjects, which is, for their part, abounded in scientific literature. This type of analysis is based on the use of two sociological research methods: quantitative and qualitative. Beginning is that of observation on the field of subjects, social actors, students and ordinary people who frequent the natural parks. This research is aimed at the collection of useful elements to the grounding potential income (spontaneous donation of money for sustainable development of the site or taxation for daily use, weekly, monthly) of reserves and natural parks. Use the search tool, which the structured questionnaire helps us to understand, and compare the two dimensions of use and aims to be the search vector for the maximization and minimization of the existing potential.

Keywords: territory, natural park, economics, development, use, frequency, quantitative research, qualitative research, ethnography, culture, comparison, discovery, attitudes, social actors 20