Dr Romaric OGOUWALE
Abstract: In the commune of Abomey-Calavi, the populations have very little access to water and sanitation. This research analyzed the problems of access to water and sanitation in the commune of Abomey-Calavi. The methodology used is based on desk research, interviews with 65 resource persons, observation and field surveys of 398 households selected according to their access to water and sanitation infrastructure. The collected data were processed with the descriptive statistics tools.
At the end of the analyzes, it appears that in the commune of Abomey-Calavi, 319 works provide drinking water (FPM, BF, PEA, AEV) of which 259 works are functional or 81.19% and 57 are in failure is 17.87%. The water supply rate is 57%. These indicators (breakdown rate and service rates) are responsible for the difficulties of access to water in Abomey-Calavi. The lack of a site for grouping and treatment of waste in the municipality, the shortage of public and family latrines as well as the inadequacy of wastewater treatment sites are all factors that limit people's access to sanitation services. In response to these problems, measures are being taken by state and local authorities supported by technical partners to facilitate access to basic water and sanitation for the population.
Keywords: Benin, Abomey-Calavi town, unequalled distribution, infrastructure of water-sanitation