Dr. Abdulrahman Moneer Al Qerafi, Dr. Muhannad Noor Alharbi
Abstract: Objectives The aim of the study was to assess the level of attentiveness towards the decontamination mechanism among Ophthalmologist at selected ophthalmic Clinics, Saudi Arabia. Background Health care providers attentiveness about decontamination mechanism is one of the essential principles of decontamination mechanism. It is among the leading causes of death; although it must be cost effective, but achievable even with the limited resources for decontamination mechanism programs in healthcare setting. Methodology A cross-sectional research design was conducted at selected ophthalmic Clinics, Saudi Arabia. Different settings were selected from cluster sampling followed by stratified random sampling. The self-administered anonymous questionnaire was administered to 120 participants of ophthalmic physicians. The level of staff attentiveness concerning the decontamination mechanism was measured by an observational checklist. Results The results of the current study revealed that, the majority of them were male (61.67 %), most of them had less than 2 years of experience (34.16 %), followed by (28.33 %) had more than 20 years of experiences, while the minority had (15.83 %) years of experience. Moreover, the majority of them (77.5 %) had a previous training on decontamination mechanism. In addition, there was a high level of availability of the manual policy & procedure for the manual of infection control (64.28 %). Concerning the results of attentiveness score levels of the ophthalmic physicians towards the decontamination mechanism within the study settings was revealed that, the majority of the ophthalmic staff has a high level of knowledge standards precaution (86.66 %) *. Although there was a partial level of staff attentiveness towards the knowledge about how to deal with contaminated instruments & materials (78.33 %). However, the data showed that, the majority of the ophthalmic physicians had a high level of attentiveness towards the knowledge about decontamination techniques (84.16 %) *. Conclusion Standards of decontamination mechanism had an optimum level of ophthalmic physicians within the selected setting, although the data reported for the staff practices was better than the reported attentiveness. Further studies required to be carried out to identify the other variables affecting the staff adherence towards their compliance with standards of decontamination mechanism. As well as staff development programs is required to be utilized to maintain & enhance the staff performance.
Keywords: Decontamination Mechanism, Attentiveness, Practices, Standards