Adel Hameed Al-Obaidy; Huda B. Hassan
Abstract: Back ground An important beneficial effect of adherence to the Mediterranean diet is certainly the reduction of mortality from all the causes. Mediterranean diet is able to decrease the risk of mortality and reduce the incidence of some of the most important disease states, but also is able to determine a better and longer life with a better psychological wellbeing and a higher perceived health status. Chronic diseases constitute a fast increasing burden to society. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 46 % of global diseases morbidity and 59 % of mortality are due to chronic diseases. Objectives the study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of instructional program on patient', s knowledge toward Mediterranean Diet regimen. Methodology A purposive sample of 30 patients was exposed to instructional program about Mediterranean Diet regimen, the study was conducted at Gastroenterology and Hepatology Teaching Hospital. The questionnaire consists of three parts, the first part is related to socio-demographic data of patients which as (7) items, second part is related to anthropometric measurements by using Body Mass Index (BMI) to evaluate nutritional status, and the third part is related to Mediterranean Diet regimen dealing (19) items. A descriptive statistical and inferential analysis was used to analysis the data. Results the findings of present study revealed that the instructional program were effective on patients through the patients responses at posttest which as, the total mean of mean for Mediterranean Diet regimen items at pretest was 1.04 which indicate low knowledge to 1.6 at posttest, which indicate improvement in patients knowledge. Conclusion the study concluded that the patients was improved their knowledge toward the Mediterranean Diet regimen. Recommendation Health oriented mass media approach should be employed to improve the awareness about Mediterranean diet (MD).established specific department of Nutritional therapy in all hospital which received digestive disease patients. Advice, menu and guidelines by dietitian of the Mediterranean diet regimen should be undertaken for all cirrhotic patients to prevent occurrence of complications of malnutrition.
Keywords: hepatic cirrhosis, patient's knowledge, Mediterranean Diet