Vithursha Tharmakokilam, Sivashanthini Kuganathan, Gunaalan Kuddithamby
Abstract: The study focused on the comparison of socio-economic status of fishermen living in Karainagar, Point Pedro and Mathagal village, Jaffna for a period of six months from September 2015 to February 2016.Data were collected from randomly selected 100 fishermen through structured questionnaire, interview and observation. Descriptive analysis of the direct social demography was done by using excel. The outcome of the study revealed that all fishermen were Catholics and Sri Lankan Tamils. Fishermen venture into sea, is aging between 44 -56 years and with primary education (70 %). The sex demography of communities explicit that in Point Pedro and Mathagal, men were higher in percentage (53.47 %, 54.81 %), while in Karainagar, women were higher in percentage (53.33 %). Most of the houses in Karainagar and Point Pedro were good in condition. In general smoking, betel chewing and use of liquor were the common habits among all the adult fishermen. Active fishermen at Point Pedro and Mathagal were 90 %, but 86 % in Karainagar, having a mean income of LKR respectively Rs.35 000, Rs.51 250 and Rs.43 476.Income levels depended on the type of fishing method and effort.
Keywords: Questionnaire, Socio-economic, Fishing effort, Income Level