Dr. Vivian Flourish D'Costa; Dr. Madhu K Bangera
Abstract: Day to day practice at a dental office is a challenging one where a dentist has to ideally confront a situation with his command and expertise. One such frequent situation arising is that concerned with isolation techniques associated with a restorative procedure. Various isolation techniques are put forth in practice which includes use of a saliva ejector, a rubber dam and gingival retraction methods. Though one presumes a common saliva ejector and dental dam would suffice to maintain an ideal working environment, a gingival retraction is essential to perform better when it comes down to placing a restoration at finish lines below the gingival margin. Gingival retraction methods not only provide ample vision and ideal working environment, but also maintain hemostasis to certain extent. Numerous gingival retractions have been employed previously like mechanical, chemical, surgical and chemomechanical procedures. Each type is loaded with its own pros and cons. The choice of a retraction method depends on clinical situation and accessibility. This review revolves around recent advances in cordless retraction techniques.
Keywords: gingival retraction, cordless retraction, isolation, chemomechanical retraction, recent advancement