Asma I. Ahmed, Mohamed A. Elhaj, Elsafi A. Abdullah, Mohamed Omer, Moawia G. Elddin, A. Hassan A. B
Abstract: This study aimed to characterize and compare the heart wall disease in type-2 diabetic patient using echocardiography ultrasound scan in order to assess these changes among both gender, Study population comprises a total of 113 adults diabetic patients 46 male 41.59 % with mean age of 57.98 11.107 and 66 female 58.41 %, with mean age of 56.03 10.270. Underwent ultrasound examination after known diagnosis with diabetic disease using two-dimensional Real Time US machine with curvilinear transducer of (3.56 MHz) at Ribat hospital, ventricular and atrial wall measurement was performed, Aortic annular diameter, Doppler trans aortic flow was assessed by identifying the projection in which maximum peak flow velocity noted, after calibration, tracing the black-white interface outlining the Doppler flow envelope. Heart rate was measured simultaneously. The result showed that Means of Echocardiography parameters for Diabetes Type-2 patients between male and female was compared as the BMI having mean SD (23.09967Kg/m2 2.898752), (27.01367Kg/m2 6.179767) the p-value 0.000101, Aortic root diameter (31.09 mm3.425), (28.15 mm3.553) the p-value 0.000026, left atrial diameter (36.87mm4.241, (34.47mm3.726) the p-value 0.001856, Left ventricular diastolic diameter (46.87 mm5.195), (44.47 mm5.542) the p-value 0.02. And Left Ventricle systolic diameter (30.64mm 5.306), (28.64 mm 5.110) the p-value 0.045766. For male and female respectively. Noninsulin-dependent DM has independent adverse cardiac effects, including increased LV mass and wall thicknesses, reduced LV systolic chamber and myocardial function, and increased arterial stiffness.
Keywords: Characterization, Echocardiography, Heart, Diabetic Patient