Dr. Mhaske Pandurang Hanumant, Darade Jalindar Uttamrao
Abstract: The western part of the study area in Ahmednagar district is endowed with great natural scenery. In order to develop the potential of this area consisting of Bhandardara dam, Kalsubai, Ghatghar, Ratangarh and Harishchandra Garh etc. The environment development corporation sanctioned Rs.15 corers. In this area has great tourism potential as it has unique diversification in cultural as well as geographical variations and this will differently attract tourists visiting this area. Till today, in the field of development in this area, none of the geographers has done any research work e.g. cultural, historical, geographical, environmental, tourism, botany and zoology, economical etc. These areas have great tourism potential, it has a unique diversification in cultural as well as geographical variations and this will differently attractive culture and way of life. It is mountainous region with full of natural beauty, wild animals and birds as well as waterfalls. The local area is associated with Adivasi tribal people (ST) such as Thakar, Warli, Katkari, Mahadev-koli etc. and their life style is different from the non-tribal people. About 80 percent population depends directly upon land middle and eastern part of the Akole tahsil, state of Maharashtra, India, is mainly use of the agricultural land and converted into residential and other uses for the growth and development of the facilities. Farmers have adopt modern technology i.e. fruits and vegetables drip irrigation facility, variety seeds material, increasing use by composting biomass, improved planting technology and micro irrigation systems, crop loans, good network of transports and markets, agricultural advisory centers and also available facilities in the study area. Therefore, recently cropping pattern is change and day by day positive increased but eastern part of the study area is concentrate in the rice crop because of these areas situated in the hilly and heavy rainfall.
Keywords: Hilly Region, Physical & Environmental Conditions, Tribal Area, Cropping Pattern and Rice Crop