Msc. Juljana Xhindoli, Msc. Mimoza Llavdaniti
Abstract: Cardio-vascular diseases are the main cause for the mortality in Europe. Nevertheless, these diseases are totally preventable. WHO estimates that a modest reduction in the blood pressure numbers, obesity, cholesterol values and smoking in all the populations, can reduce these diseases by half. Aim: To recognize the risk factors and the prevalence of these diseases in the population of Vlore district in order to implement preventive measurements in the primary health care services of the community. Results: This descriptive study is conducted based on the data from the main registers of the hospital medical records office and describes the number of patients hospitalized with CVD, distributing them by age group, gender and place of living. The diseases of the circulatory system are distributed: 7.9 % of the yearly hospitalizations are in 2009, 9.3 % in 2010, 9.7 % in 2011. The most frequent diseases are: HTA, chronic MI- ischemic, cardiomyopathies, and CVA. According to the demographic distribution the cases with CVD are seen mostly in the city. Their frequency increases with age, males suffer more than females. According to the age group 45-54 year olds are 16 %, 55-64 are 23 %, and over 65 are 55 % of all the cases with CVD. Conclusions: Screening and monitoring the patients that come in the primary health care services and urging them toward the healthy life style, elimination the risk factors and their awareness would bring a considerable reduction in CVD. Recommendation: Screening and evaluation of the individual risk factors by using the SCORE system in primary health care services.
Keywords: prevalence, cardio-vascular diseases, risk factors, prevention, risk evaluation