Downloading: Meta-Analysis: A Higher Quality of Evidence in Clinical Research Pyramid
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064


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Meta-Analysis: A Higher Quality of Evidence in Clinical Research Pyramid

Dr. Sonal Jain

Abstract: Meta-analysis is a statistical tool used to systematically and quantitatively estimate the pooled effect of earlierindividual research studies to obtain conclusions about that research subject. The outcomes from a meta-analysis are more precise estimate of the effect of treatment or risk factor for disease, than any individual study. One of the potential advantages of conducting meta-analysis is to obtain an accurate and quantitative review of a large, complex and generally controversial topic in literature. Meticulously conducted meta-analyses are potential tools in evidence-based medicine. The small clinical trials (small sample size) might have inconclusive results on individual basis however, while combining these trials met-analysis increases the statistical power and thus more precise estimate of effect size.Moreover, meta-analysis is also useful for exploring sources of publication bias and quantifying between-study heterogeneity.

Keywords: meta-analysis, systematic review, evidence-based medicine, effect size, forest plot, publication bias, heterogeneity


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