Indrani Banerjee Mukherjee, Kasturi Mandal, Dr. Nirmal Kumar Mondal
Abstract: Tobacco is commonly consumed in the forms of smoking, chewing, snuffing and dipping tobacco. Tobacco had long been in use as an ethnogeny throughout world. Tobacco smoking is a life style related problem which is more common in developed country among the youth. Present study conducted to identify the prevalence, pattern & determinants of tobacco smoking among male youth. A survey approach with descriptive correlational research design was adopted. Data were collected from 100 rural male using questionnaire on tobacco smoking and its determinants. The study reveals that 69 % of the participants are smoker and they initiate smoking mainly due to peer’s influence and continued due to addiction. Mean age of initiation of smoking was 14.3 years; the determinants which were significantly associated with tobacco smoking behaviours are father’s educational level (r = - 0.34, ᾱ=0.01, df=90), mother’s educational level (r = -0.93 ᾱ=0.01, df=90), occupation (X 2= 13.17, ᾱ=0.05, df=4), belief related to chutta (X 2= 17.09, ᾱ=0.01, df=2), belief related to bidi (X 2= 20.35, ᾱ=0.01, df=2) and belief related to smokeless tobacco (X 2= 46.01, ᾱ=0.01, df=1), parental history of smoking (X 2= 43.69, ᾱ=0.01, df=1), psychological factors (r = 0.96, ᾱ=0.01, df=90), relationship with parents (r = -0.95, ᾱ=0.01, df=90), peer smoking history (r = 0.85, ᾱ=0.01, df=90), proximity to tobacco (r = 0.83, ᾱ=0.01, df=90), money in hand (r = 0.81 ᾱ=0.01, df=90). Tobacco smoking is responsible for substantial proportion of premature deaths in male youth in India, thus the research study is having broad significance especially in rural community.
Keywords: Tobacco smoking, prevalence