Dr. Ratna Roy Pathak
Abstract: Water pollution is one of the most serious problems facing humanity and other life forms on our planet today. Water pollution is defined as the contamination of the physical and biological component of earth system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected! Pollutant can be naturally occurring substances or energies but they are considered contaminant in excess of natural level. Any use of natural resources at a rate higher than nature's capacity to restore itself can result in pollution of air, water and land. Pollution prevention is a major global concern because of the harmful effects of pollution on a person?s health and on the environment. Environmental pollution comes in various forms, such as: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc. Everyone is a stakeholder as we are all inhabitants of this one and only mother earth. Each person can contribute something to advance environmental pollution mitigation measures. Environmental protection means caring for our resources and subsequently for ourselves and ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come will have a better environment. You and I should therefore accept personal responsibility for the success of the environmental protection programs of our respective community by cooperating and actively participating in making the atmosphere pollution free. Help stop pollution today. Although on an individual basis, we can help combat pollution in our own immediate environment, efficient control can be best institutionalized through legislation. Thus, most countries have already addressed the issue by passing some form of pollution prevention measures. Many of the earth's resources are especially vulnerable because they are influenced by human impacts across many countries. As a result of this, many attempts are made by countries to develop agreements that are signed by multiple governments to prevent damage or manage the impacts of human activity on natural resources. This can include agreements that impact factors such as climate, oceans, rivers and air pollution. These international environmental agreements are sometimes legally binding documents that have legal implications when they are not followed and, at other times, are more agreements in principle or are for use as codes of conduct.
Keywords: contamination, degradation, cooperation, prevention, combat