Kaustubh Chaudhari, Manas Kumar Behera
Abstract: Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (NRDS) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in premature infants, primarily due to surfactant deficiency. A retrospective study was carried out in tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to analyze clinical profile, morbidity and mortality in our hospital. 150 neonates with gestational age <37wk with diagnosis of RDS as per clinical investigational guidelines were analyzed. 58 % were males while 42 % were females. 90 % mothers received antenatal steroids out of which 15 % babies died while 80 % babies died whose mothers didn’t receive it. Total 66 % babies received surfactant and mortality among them was 14 % while 36 % in babies who didn’t receive it.
Keywords: RDS, surfactant, antenatal steroid