Dr. Prameela Devi, Dr. Prodduturi Phani Teja
Abstract: Introduction: Health care providers are at increased risk of infection with blood-borne pathogens because of their occupational exposure. Objectives: The objective of the following study is to assess the occurrence of needle prick injury (NPI) among Health care providers. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study, cross-sectional in design. Results: 280 (56.0 %) reported NSI in the preceding 2 years in the health care facility. Ward boys 70 (28.57 %) Nurses and nursing students 120 (46.42 %), Lab technicians 80 (28.57 %).Nurses and nursing students had the highest percentage. Only 220 (44 %) HCPs were wearing gloves at the time of NPI. Among HCP 140 Junior residents ( 63.63 % ), 80 Assistant professors (36 %). Most common cause for injury was not taking proper care during recapping of needles after use. Only (40 %) 200 HCPs took action immediately after an NPI. Conclusion: Occurrence of NPI among the HCPs in Andhra pradesh was high due to lack of availability of Information, education, counseling and communication materials. To obviate this, all the precautionary measures should be displayed prominently at the work place.
Keywords: Needle prick injury, Blood borne pathogens, Health care workers