Downloading: Impact of Family Income on Physical Status, Dietary Pattern and Nutrient intake among Urban and Rural Adolescent
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



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Impact of Family Income on Physical Status, Dietary Pattern and Nutrient intake among Urban and Rural Adolescent

Dr. Zanvar Varsha, Bhoyar Archana

Abstract: Present study was carried out to find the impact of family income on physical status, dietary pattern and nutrient intake among urban and rural adolescent. Purposively 600 adolescent girl i.e.300 each from urban and rural area of Parbhani district of Maharashtra state was covered. Nutritional status was assessed by using anthropometric measurements viz. measurements of height (cm), weight (kg), mid- upper arm circumference (cm), waist- hip ratio and recorded measurements were compared with NCHS reference values. Body Mass Index was calculated using value of height and weight. Food intake was assessed by using 24 hours recall method for three consecutive days. Quantity of food stuff consumed by each subject was calculated by weightment method. By using food composition table of ICMR nutrient intake was calculated. Further food intake was compared with balanced diet and nutrient intake was compared with the (RDA) recommended dietary allowances for calculating the percent adequacy. The finding of study showed that all the covered subject were falling below the NCHS standard for all recorded anthropometric measuremnet in both area and age. Overall when observed the highest and lowest value for height and weight ranging between 92-96 per cent and 80-90 per cent when compared with NCHS standard with respect of all group. Middle income group recorded better value for all anthropometric measurement than low and high income group. Majority of adolescent girls were normal while remaining were suffering with one or more degree of under nutrition and over nutrition. The consumption of cereals, pulses, other vegetable and fruits was found to be more among 17 years of adolescent girls. On the other side consumption of roots and tubers, condiments and spices, milk and milk products and fats and oils was more among adolescent girls of 18 years. Whereas consumption of green leafy vegetable, nuts and oil seeds and sugars were at par. As per the ICMR recommendation food intake among

Keywords: adolescent physical status, dietary pattern and nutrient intake



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