Payal Saha, Rina Kumari, S. N. Singh, Anugrah Charan
Abstract: Background: LBW is a global public health challenging problem. Optimal feeding practices is of great significance or value for babies not because they need special care but because it is the critical time when there brain (80-85 %) grows faster and maximum. Aim: To assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge and practice of mothers regarding feeding practice of low birth weight newborns in NICU, KGMU. Material and methods: In this study the research approach was quasi experimental one group pre test post test performed on 60 mothers of low birth weight newborns selected by purposive sampling technique. The intervention Structured Teaching Programme was introduced to the group after the pre test. Knowledge was assessed by self structured questionnaire and practice assessed by observation checklist tool before and after the intervention.. Results: The result revealed that mean pre test score of knowledge was 10.20±2.98 which was increased to 15.62±1.80. The mean difference was 5.42 The obtained t’ value 18.346 was statistically highly significant at (p<0.001) level. And mean pre test score of practice was 12.13±3.28 which was increased to 18.87 ±3.12. The mean difference was 6.73. The obtained ‘t’ value 19.889 was statistically highly significant at (p<0.001) level. Conclusion: The study concluded that, structured teaching programme was significantly effective in increasing the knowledge and improving the practice of mothers regarding feeding practice of low weight newborns.
Keywords: Effectiveness, Structured Teaching Programme, Feeding practice, low birth weight newborns, Knowledge, Practice