Fabricio Javier Averos Estrada, Vinicio Rolando Montalvo Silva, Vicente German Jacome Lopez, Wilson Fabian Montes Clavijo
Abstract: In the Panchigua Bajo area, belonging to the La Magdalena parish in the San Jos? de Chimbo Canton of the Bol?var province, Ecuador, the investigation was carried out Diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal parasites of bees and their influence on the production of honey. evaluated the following specific objectives: Diagnose and treat gastrointestinal parasites and their influence on honey production, Identify the degree of gastrointestinal parasite incidence in adult bees, Evaluate hive production in the event of digestive parasites and Evaluate the best antiparasitic treatment against gastrointestinal parasitosis in bees. The trial was divided into 4 treatments with 3 repetitions adding a total of 12 hives, subjected to a Random Complete Block Design (DBCA) and Duncan's statistical tests and Analysis of Variance (ADEVA), the variables under study were: Weight and hive population, incidence and type of parasites as well as the effectiveness of the drug, having the following name: T1 (control did not provide antiparasitic), T2 (treatment with Secnidazole at a rate of 7.14mg / kg in medicated Candy), T3 (treatment with Tinidazole at a rate of 7.14mg / kg in medicated Candy) and T4 (treatment with Metronidazole at a rate of 7.14mg / kg in medicated Candy). The final results were: 1) there were no statistically significant differences (NS) between the means of the treatments in all the variables under study, 2) the diagnosed parasite was Malpighamoeba mellificae, commonly referred to as beekeeping amebiosis, the same one that was found in the 75% of the hives (9/12), and 3) the drugs that were 99.99% effective in the treatment of bee amebiosis at a rate of 7.14mg / kg, were T2 (Secnidazole) and T3 (Tinidazole), finally It can be concluded that the presence of Malpighamoeba mellificae did not affect the productivity of the hive in this case.
Keywords: Gastrointestinal parasitosis, Amebiasis Honey production