Research Paper | Peace and Conflict Studies | Kenya | Volume 4 Issue 11, November 2015
Changes in Indigenous Coping Strategies over the last two Decades in Shanta-Abaq Division, Lagdera District, Garissa County, Kenya
Nur Ibrahim Mohamed, Eric Kiprono Bor PhD, Professor Abdullahi A. Aboud PhD
This study was undertaken in Lagdera District of Garissa County, a semi-arid area where nomadic pastoralism forms the bedrock of peoples livelihoods. The study aimed to analyze pastoralists household livelihood vulnerability to drought hazards over the last two decades. The study was motivated by several concerns. First, there is need to understand the vulnerability of pastoralist livelihoods to drought hazards in the arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya. This will help us understand the dynamics and root causes of the existing high level of poverty in the region. Second, by understanding the factors that constrain or have weakened community coping strategies to drought hazards, it is possible to design interventions in such a way that they address the constraints to the highly evolved strategies and improve community resilience to drought hazards. Participatory tools such as Household and Key Informant Interviews, Historical Timelines and Focus Group Discussions were used to collect primary data from five locations of Shanta-Abaq division of Lagdera district, Garissa County of North East Kenya. Two hundred respondents, 40 from each of the five locations, were randomly picked and interviewed. In the analysis of data, the study used the Statistical Package for The Social Science (SPSS), a statistical tool for data analysis. The study findings indicate that the policy of sedentarization promoted by the government from nineteen sixties, an increase in human population following the entry of refugees from Somalia into the district, and conflict with neighbouring communities that curtailed herd mobility, have combined to undermine the ability of pastoralist population in the study area to respond to environmental hazards such as drought thus, increasing their vulnerability. Over the last two decades, 72 % of the households in the study area have dropped into poverty after losing 50 % of their livestock to successive droughts. To cope with the increasing vulnerability, households have adjusted their coping mechanisms. First, they are moving away from relying on a single livestock species, cattle, to diversifying their species composition and second, engage in other sources of income for survival. In addition, communities in the study area are no longer confident that they can cope with the recurring disaster that is common in their environment. Majority of the households (75 %) in the study area feel that their ability to cope with drought hazards is weak and as a result they remain vulnerable to the recurring drought hazards.
Keywords: changes, indigenous, coping strategies, semi-arid areas
Edition: Volume 4 Issue 11, November 2015
Pages: 794 - 808
How to Cite this Article?
Nur Ibrahim Mohamed, Eric Kiprono Bor PhD, Professor Abdullahi A. Aboud PhD, "Changes in Indigenous Coping Strategies over the last two Decades in Shanta-Abaq Division, Lagdera District, Garissa County, Kenya", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=NOV151048, Volume 4 Issue 11, November 2015, 794 - 808