Arathy Darvin, Dr. Sreekrishnan.T.P
Abstract: Background and Methods: Cardiac arrest is electrical malfunction of heart. It is referred to as termination of mechanical activity of heart. If proper interventions are not done, it can lead to sudden cardiac death. Prospective observational study was performed on 104 patients who suffered In Hospital Cardiac Arrest (IHCA) in Amrita Institute OF Medical Science, Kochi. Objective: The purpose of the study was to study the surveillance of In hospital cardiac arrest and to identify the population with prosperity to develop IHCA. Results: In all 104 patients, 73.08 % were males and 26.92 % were females. Majority of them were in the age group of 61 to 80 years old. Males were more prone to develop IHCA than females. Most of the patients comes under the illness category of cardio vascular system (42.3 %) and hypoxia was most common reversible cause among these patients (52.9 %). Conclusion: Rate of survival (59.6 %) is more than rate of mortality (40.4 %). The patients with myocardial ischemia (35 %) were the population with prosperity to develop IHCA. The chance of survival is more in patients who had shockable initial rhythm.
Keywords: In hospital cardiac arrest IHCA, Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation CPR