Downloading: Prevalence of Congenital Anomalous Fetus Born in a Tertiary Care Hospital at Rajasthan
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
www.ijsr.net | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064



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Prevalence of Congenital Anomalous Fetus Born in a Tertiary Care Hospital at Rajasthan

Vineeta Paliwal, B. S. Jodha

Abstract: Background Congenital anomaly is commonly expressed as absence/ excess/ malformation of body parts due to faulty development of the embryo which may be inherited genetically/ acquired during gestation/ inflicted during parturition. Aims and Objectives To know the prevalence of congenital anomalies and also to know the prevalence of individual congenital anomaly in the geographical area Material and Method This study is hospital based, short term and cross-sectional descriptive study, carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ummaid Hospital, attached to Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur Result Over a period of one year total numbers of deliveries were 21, 983 and total 213 malformed babies were delivered having an incidence of congenital anomalous babies 0.97 %. Maximum no. of congenital anomaly detected at birth was congenital heart disease (12.68 %), followed by cleft lip and palate (11.27 %) and hydrocephalus (10.33 %). In minor anomalies club foot constituted maximum no. of cases (5.63 %) followed by hypospadias (4.69 %). Conclusion Congenital malformations are emerging as a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity in developed as well as developing countries. Outcome of infant born with congenital anomalies varies with the area, socioeconomic status, education, type of anomaly, gestational age, birth weight etc

Keywords: Congenital anomalies, type of anomaly, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular



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