Venkata Suresh Golla, V Lakshmi, Hemchand K Prasad
Abstract: Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare condition and usually fatal. We present a 34 week, late preterm female neonate with congenital hypothyroid goiter who was presented with severe respiratory distress at birth and required mechanical ventilation support. Baby had severe hypoxemia and features of respiratory distress syndrome and low volume lungs on chest x ray. Baby died of hypoxemic respiratory failure and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension at 77 hours of life. Lung hypoplasia was diagnosed on autopsy.
Keywords: Congenital goiter, persistent pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary hypoplasia