Kayiranga Pascal, Okova Rosemary, Monica Mochama
Abstract: Cardiometabolic disease is the crucial cause of death and morbidity globally. In Rwanda, prevalence and associated risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases in hospital populations remain unknown. This study determined the prevalence and associated risk factors of cardiometabolic diseases among patients seen in outpatients department at Kibagabaga hospital. It used a descriptive, cross sectional design. The target population was 40, 000 adults from Kibagabaga catchment area and the sample size was 384. A convenience sampling technique was used and data collected using a coded questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS programme version 21 and findings presented in forms of frequencies and percentages in tables. The prevalence of cardiometabolic disease was found to be 41.7 %. The risk factors independently associated to cardiometabolic disease are age group of 38-47, 48-57 and 58 and above ( AOR=5.081, 12.89, 24.055; CI: 1.832-14.089, 4.029-41.242, 6.546-88.4; P-Value=0.002, 0.000, 0.000), second hand tobacco smoking for respondents always and often exposed to passive smoking (AOR=11.815, 10.015, CI: 1.639-85.175, 1.243-80.669, P-Value=0.014, 0.030) and raised blood total cholesterol (AOR=2.445, CI: 1.057-5.657, P-value=0.037). In conclusion, based on the results, it is recommended to health institutions in Rwanda to reinforce preventative measures against CMD and their risk factors in hospital and in community.
Keywords: Cardiometabolic disease, Risk factors, Prevalence, Kibagabaga, Rwanda