Abdulmoneim Alfiky, Mohamed Salheen
Abstract: The Nile Delta - the last stretch of the world longest river and home of one of the oldest and most fertile agriculture regions of the world- has suffered in the past five decades great losses to its agricultural mass. This loss was induced by massive urban sprawl movement and land-use transformation. Though various legal and regulatory tools were used by the different Egyptian governments to combat this issue and preserve the existing priceless agricultural land, the sprawl has persisted through the decades at a varying pace. Currently the Nile Delta is suffering from massive fragmentation to its fabric by the extensive and condense urban network spreading over it along with an obvious soil deterioration and loss of agricultural productivity brought upon by the considerable influx of pollutants generated from this network. This paper present a review of the status of the Nile Delta in all its natural & man-made aspects the amount of urban growth since 1984 till 2018: monitoring the rates of urban growth, their patterns and its overall perceived effects on the region.
Keywords: Nile Delta, LUCC, Agricultural Fragmentation, Change Detection, Urban Expansion, Expansion Patterns, Land ownership, Envi, ARCGIS