Dr Shilpa Chudasama, Dr Niraj Darji
Abstract: Introduction: Trauma is becoming one of the common cause of hospitalization. Both USG and CT modalities are widely used to detect blunt abdominal trauma. This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of CT scans and Ultrasonography in patients with blunt abdominal trauma. Aims and Objectives: To evaluate role of USG and MDCT in blunt abdominal trauma Materials and Methods: The present study of computed tomography and ultrasound evaluation of blunt abdominal trauma was a prospective study of patient with non-penetrating injuries to the abdomen using ultra sound and CT scan modality. The present study is carried out at department of radiology, Guru Gobind Singh Hospital and M P Shah Medical College, Jamnagar. The study was carried out between 2017 to 2020. Result: In present study, majority of the patients of abdominal trauma are of vehicular accident and fall down is second major cause of trauma and abdominal injuries were common in age group of 11 to 40 years. In present study of 200 cases of abdominal trauma, splenic injuries were most common followed by liver and kidney injuries, minor number of patients have involvement of more than one organ (Poly-trauma) Conclusion: 200 cases of abdominal trauma were included in this study and abdominal USG and MDCT were performed as a result total 174 organ injuries were found. Abdominal injuries were more common in males (79.5 %). Spleen was the most common organ to be injured 74 cases (37 %). CT is better than Ultrasound in evaluation blunt trauma abdomen.
Keywords: Blunt abdominal trauma, Computed Tomography, Ultrasound