R. R. Pawar, Dr. A. N. Jagdale
Abstract: The present study was conducted in order to know the role of various climates, geomorphologic and manmade practices in agricultural farming in Ujani Dam back water in Pune District in Maharashtra State. A simple random sampling technique was used for the selection of water samples from various locations located in the study area. Five back water locations were selected mostly the water using for irrigation, industrial and domestic purposes. The study shows that properties of water samples were moderate and to certain extent needs change in cropping pattern and irrigation practices. Chemical parameter analyzed such as pH, Turbidity, Colour (Hazen unit), TDS mg/Liter, DO, mg/Liter, Chlorides, mg/Liter, Total hardness as ( CaCO3), Calcium, mg/Liter, Magnesium, mg/Liter, Sulphate, mg/Liter, Temperature, BOD mg/Liter, Odor/ Taste, Nitrates as NO3, mg/Liter were in few cases shows alarming, which needs proper utilization of manures, control pollution and reinvestigation in their farming practices. Since plants depend on the water quality nutrients and minerals supply, the water type is a major factor in determining what types of plants will grow in any area.
Keywords: Water, Geomorphology, irrigation practices, Pollution, remedies