Shaijo K J, Robin Abraham
Abstract: A nationwide survey reveals that India has the highest infant mortality rate in the world. Diarrhea is a common disease and is one of the major determinants of childhood morbidity and mortality. Diarrhea is one of the main causes of death in children under 5 years of age in India. Roughly 1.5 million children die due to diarrhea and diarrhea related diseases every year. Globally in this age group, acute diarrhea is the second leading cause of death (after pneumonia), and both the incidence and the risk of mortality from diarrheal diseases are greatest among children in this age group, particularly during infancy. The awareness of mothers about health, disease and preventive services is a barometer by which we can measure the progress of the family, the community and the country. Lack of awareness can lead to improper utilization of health services which are available in the society. To evaluate the level of knowledge of mothers of under five children on prevention and management of diarrhea in pre-test. To correlate the level of knowledge of mothers of under five children on prevention and management of diarrhea in pre- test and posttest. To associate the knowledge of mothers of under five children on prevention and management of diarrhea with selected demographic variables in pre-test. This study was conducted to assess the mothers knowledge on prevention and management of diarrhea among under-five children at selected areas of Bharuch city. One of the majority finding was that the mothers of under five children had average knowledge regarding prevention and management of diarrhea among under-five children. This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on mothers knowledge regarding prevention and management of diarrhea. This study was carried out 60 mothers in limbu chhapri Bharuch. Results indicated that the mothers who have higher level nutritional knowledge feed their children more with vegetable, fruit, legumes, and less sugared drinks such as pops, juice and fast foods than the mothers who have lower level of nutritional knowledge. Also, higher nutritional knowledge level mothers avoid giving the foods which contains artificial to their children, and believe more the knowledge about nutrition-health. Mothers nutrition knowledge level affects childrens eating habits. In the present study the statistical analysis showed no relationship between mothers knowledge on prevention and management of diarrhea among under-five.
Keywords: Planned teaching programme, under five children and diarrhea