Suman Moun Khatkar
Abstract: Background of the study: Female foeticide is violation of right, a basic human right and guarantee under the constitution. In the case of female foeticide, the female children in the wombs of expecting mothers, they are not only denied the right to live but are robbed to their right to be born. Social, cultural, financial and psychological reasons are responsible for the prevalence of evil female foeticide in our society. With the view that the law alone cannot get rid of female foeticide, steps can be taken to create public awareness about this matter / menace and educate them about the daughter role in supporting the parents in their old age. Aim: The aim of the study was to compare the knowledge and attitude regarding Female Foeticide among urban and rural women. Methodology: The Comparative design was used. The conceptual framework used in the study was Ludwig Von Bertalanffy General system theory. The total sample size for the study was 100 women (21-45Yrs) in Fatehabad District. Written consent has obtained from the samples. Non Probability Convenient sampling technique has been used and data collection by structured knowledge questionnaire and Attitude scale. Results: The major finding of the study revealed that in Knowledge, 80 % of urban womens have average knowledge, 58 % of rural womens have average knowledge, 12 % of rural womens have low knowledge, 38 % of urban womens have low knowledge and 8 % urban womens have the good knowledge. 4 % rural womens have the good knowledge regarding female foeticide. In Attitude 94 % of rural women have average attitude, 88 % of urban womens have average attitude, 6 % of urban womens have low attitude, 4.0 % of rural womens have low attitude, 6.0 % of urban womens have good attitude and 2 % rural womens have the good attitude regarding female foeticide. The statistical outcomes of association between socio demographic characters of urban and rural womens with their knowledge regarding female foeticide. It is evidenced that the knowledge is not influenced by marital status, religion, type of family, occupation, family income, number of children, source of information. There is significant relationship between knowledge of urban women and socio demographic variable. There is no significant relationship between knowledge of urban women and socio demographic variable. There is no significant relationship between attitude of urban and rural women and socio demographic variables. Conclusion: This study concludes that in both knowledge and attitude Urban mothers stands in front. So rural mothers need more attention and education to prevent and stop female feticide.
Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, female foeticide, women, Urban and rural