Dr. Varadaraj P Gokak, Dr Santosh D Hajare, Dr Amar Patil, Dr Ravikant Kantamaneni
Abstract: Background: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common clinical condition. The present study was undertaken to determine the etiological profile, among patients with LGIB Methodology: We included all the patients above 18years who presented with LGIB. Patients presenting with severe cardiopulmonary instability secondary to LGIB were excluded, and those unwilling to consent for colonoscopy were excluded from the study. Result: Higher incidence of GI bleeding was in age group of 36-60 years. Heamatochezia was the commonest clinical feature followed by constipation (56 %) and loss of weight (50 %). Among etiological factors ulcerative colitis (59. 5 %) followed by piles (25.2 %) and colon carcinoma (5.05 %) were the commonest findings. bleeding from the lower gastrointestinal tract. The remaining factors were had been less patients with LGIB. Conclusion: The percentage of LGIB patients with ulcerative colitis was 59.5 %, followed by piles 25.2 % and colon cancer 5.05 %. There is a wide geographic variation regarding the etiologies of LGIB. Lower GI Scopy (colonoscopy) is a very useful in evaluating the cause og LGIB.
Keywords: Lower Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Etiology, Ulcerative colitis, carcinoma of colon, piles