Arpita R Naik
Abstract: Every Civil Engineering structure has a life span and if at all the structure survives longer period than it is designed for then it may pose serious threat to its surroundings. In such situation the safety of the surrounding buildings can be attained only by the process of Demolition. Demolition is the reverse process of construction, as the process of construction is carried out basically from constructing the substructure first and then the superstructure but in case of demolition the superstructure is demolished first and then the substructure. Demolition of a building can be defined destruction, breaking down or removal. Demolition of building is the process of dismantling or destroying of a structure after its life of serviceability by pre-planned and controlled methods. The process of demolition can be carried out for various reasons like old structures are to be replaced by new structures, the small structure are demolished to build big structures. There are two most commonly used types of demolition methods and they are Non Explosive method and Explosive method (Implosive Method).During the process of demolition all the reusable material should be collected so that they can be segregated and recycled. This study helps us to know the various methods involved in the process of demolition, various equipments used for the process of demolition and the safety measures that should be engaged during the process of demolition.
Keywords: Demolition, Explosive method Implosive Method, Non Explosive method