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International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)
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Research Paper | Education Management | Tanzania | Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019

Education Pogrammes and Curriculum Reforms in Tanzania: A Comparative Review of Education for Self Reliance and Poverty Reduction (PR) Programmes

Jamal Jumanne Athuman

A focus on curriculum issues is central in the achievement of quality education and the overall nations education aim. In Tanzania, curriculum reforms have gone through a series of distinct phases reflecting the dominant philosophy and education policies at that period in question. This work is partly a historical review of major education programmes and how they focused on curriculum improvement as requisite for education quality. Two historical phases of education as identified by Galabawa (2005) ; the Self Reliance (ESR) (1967 to mid 1980s) and the Poverty Reduction (PR) (MKUKUTA) (Mid 1990s to 2005) were compared. The review found that, while education programmes at PR period devoted much on quantitative expansion and input supply leaving aside curriculum and teaching component, programmes during Self Reliance to some extent focused both on access and quality through a periodical focus on curriculum reforms. Finally, the paper highlights some useful lessons that could be incorporated to improve the ongoing education programmes. The paper suggests that an effective educational intervention should address curriculum reforms, access and quality.

Keywords: Curriculum reforms, education quality

Edition: Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019

Pages: 246 - 253

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How to Cite this Article?

Jamal Jumanne Athuman, "Education Pogrammes and Curriculum Reforms in Tanzania: A Comparative Review of Education for Self Reliance and Poverty Reduction (PR) Programmes", International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), https://www.ijsr.net/search_index_results_paperid.php?id=ART2020139, Volume 8 Issue 9, September 2019, 246 - 253



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