Downloading: Review on Effect of Zinc on Growth, Yield, Quality of Rice and Human Health
International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) | Open Access | Fully Refereed | Peer Reviewed International Journal

ISSN: 2319-7064

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Review on Effect of Zinc on Growth, Yield, Quality of Rice and Human Health

M. Kumar

Abstract: Over three billion people are currently micronutrient malnourished, resulting in egregious societal costs including learning disabilities among children, increased morbidity and mortality rates, lower worker productivity and high healthcare costs. All factors diminishing human potential, felicity and national economic development. Nutritional deficiencies (e.g. iron, zinc, vitamin A) account for almost two-thirds of the childhood death worldwide. Most of those afflicted are dependent on staple crops for their sustenance. Rice, maize and wheat are the staple foods for two thirds of the world?s population, FAO. 1995[23] and nearly half of the world?s population consumes rice as a staple food. After green revolution people's are shifting from quantity to quality grains. Food security systems should begin with local communities who can develop and manage community gene, seed, grain and water banks. Implementation of the right to food will involve concurrent attention to policy, production, procurement, preservation and public distribution. Higher production in perpetuity should be achieved through an ever green revolution based on the principles of conservation and climate-resilient farming. Biodiversity loss and damage to ecosystem services is taking place at an alarming rate. This has serious implications in relation to our capacity to deal with the new challenges arising from climate change and trans boundary pests. Field gene bank through in situ on farm conservation of local land races, seed bank for ensuring the availability of seeds during times of drought and flood, grain bank involving storage of local food crops. Thus, curiosity, care, cooperation, conservation, cultivation, consumption and commerce can be linked into a food security as well as balance nutrition continuum. In most of the tribal area's people having several land races of rice. Similar situation present in bastar which is a mega biodiversity centre of world .Local people use to feed the red rice to the pregnant ladies by indigenous knowledge. In this regard's no systematic and scientific studies are done so far.

Keywords: zinc, rice, human health, micro nutrient